Daewoo Kalos Engine
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About Daewoo Kalos Engine
The Daewoo Kalos is a subcompact automobile manufactured by GM Daewoo (the South Korean subsidiary of General Motors) introduced in 2002 and marketed globally in 120 countries – prominently as the Chevrolet Aveo. The nameplate Kalos derives from the Greek word ?a??? (kalós) for “beautiful”.
The original Daewoo Kalos was introduced in 2002. The engines were:
1.2 L (~73 cu in) SOHC I4
1.4 L (~85 cu in) SOHC I4
1.4 L (~85 cu in) DOHC I4
1.5 L (~92 cu in) SOHC I4
1.6 L (~98 cu in) SOHC I4
1.6 L (~98 cu in) DOHC I4
The Kalos was the first all-new car released under the GM Daewoo alliance and it replaces the Lanos, which was Daewoo’s previous small car entrant. The Kalos was available as a 4 door sedan or a 5 door hatch and it’s powered by a single camshaft 1.5 litre engine. There’s no 3 door, it was offered in the Lanos model range, nor a 1.6 litre engine option as was featured in the Lanos Sport. Drivers who expect spirited performance or top class chassis dynamics may not be too satisfied with the way the Kalos drives. Power output for the Kalos’s 1.5 litre single cam engine is well below some of the more high-tech 1.5 litre engines that are around today. By way of comparison, the Kalos engine produces 62 kW, against 80 kW for the Toyota Echo Sportivo, 81 kW for the Honda Jazz and 82 kW for the Mazda2. It’s not surprising therefore, that the Kalos puts in a fairly ordinary performance, even in the manual version tested. The Kalos is happy enough running around town with one or two occupants, but with a full load on board, on steeper hills, or when called on for some extra acceleration, the engine struggles in the higher gears. Drivers who are happy to change gears frequently will be rewarded with better acceleration, but the Kalos never reaches any great heights as far as performance is concerned.
Technical Engine Specification
Type is Four cylinder, in-line, SOHC
Capacity in litres is 1.498
Induction is Multipoint fuel injection
Fuel recommendation is ULP
Claimed max. power is 62 kW at 5600 rpm
Claimed max. torque is 128 Nm at 3000 rpm
Specific power output is 41.4 kW/litre
Kalos’ Four cylinder, in-line meaning
The Inline four engine or straight four engine is an internal combustion engine with all four cylinders mounted in a straight line, or plane along the crankcase. The single bank of cylinders may be oriented in either a vertical or an inclined plane with all the pistons driving a common crankshaft. Where it is inclined, it is sometimes called a slant-four. In a specification chart or when an abbreviation is used, an inline-four engine is listed either as I4 or L4.
The inline-four cylinder layout is the simplest design which is in perfect primary balance and confers a degree of mechanical simplicity which makes it popular for economy cars. However, despite its simplicity, it suffers from a secondary imbalance which causes minor vibrations in smaller engines. These vibrations become worse as engine size and power increase, so the more powerful engines used in larger cars generally are more complex designs with more than four cylinders.
In the wake of rising oil prices and the late 2000s economic recession, the market share for 4 cylinder cars had increased from 51% in 2008 to 61 % in 2009. For all road automobiles, the rate of V6 and V8 engines had dropped from 63.9% in 2008 to 57.1% in 2009.
The inline cylinder four engine is much smoother than one, two, and three cylinder engines, and this has resulted in it becoming the engine of choice for most economy cars, although it can be found in some sports cars as well. However, the inline-four is not a fully balanced configuration. Four cylinder engines also have a smoothness problem in that the power strokes of the pistons do not overlap. With four cylinders and four cycles to complete, each piston must complete its power stroke and come to a complete stop before the next piston can start a new power stroke, resulting in a pause between each power stroke and a pulsating delivery of power. In engines with more cylinders, the power strokes overlap, which gives them a smoother delivery of power and less vibration than a four can achieve. As a result, six and eight cylinder engines are generally used in more luxurious and expensive cars.
50 – 80 km/h (in 3rd gear) is 7.2 sec
60 -100 km/h (in 3rd gear) is 10.0 sec
0 – 80 km/h is 9.3 sec
0 – 100 km/h is 15.6 sec
0 – 400 metres is 19.5 sec
Fuel Consumption (litres/100 km)
Best recorded during testing is 7.0
Worst recorded during testing is 9.7
Average on test is 8.4
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