Fiat Tipo Engine

Published by Carl Wilson on

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Fiat Tipo Engines, all with low mileage

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Fiat Tipo Engine innovation over the years

The Fiat Tipo is a small family car designed by the IDEA design house and produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1988 and 1995. It was a reasonably strong seller in the UK, initially winning plaudits for its innovative and practical design as well as its good handling. The 1.1L version was not available in the UK, the 1.4L was the base model. The Tipo has been extremely popular in Brazil and outsold the Volkswagen Golf, which had been the best selling Brazilian car for over 20 years.

Initially base (i.e.), DGT, S, SX and 16v trim levels were available. Power from 58 to 148 bhp came from 1.1, 1.4, 1.6, 1.7(Benzina-90cv), 1.8, 1.8 16v, 2.0, 2.0 16v petrol engines as well as a 1.7 diesel, 1.9 diesel and 1.9 turbo diesel. The 1.1L base engines were widely regarded as underpowered for the car, which was roomy for five adults with above average equipment. As top of the range was the 2.0 sedicivalvole (16v).

In Brazil, it only started to be produced that year, in a single trim, with a 1.6 8V engine with multipoint fuel injection, which offered a 10 PS (7 kW) increase compared to the old 1.6 ie, raising the power to 92 PS (68 kW). Previously, the Tipo was imported from Italy and was available with three different trims that were closely associated with its engines: the basic 1.6 ie, the luxurious 2.0 8V and the sporty 2.0 16V Sedicivalvole. The Sedicivalvole gained its engine from the Lancia Thema, and with a much smaller and lighter body shell to house it, this power unit brought superb performance and handling, and a top speed of around 130 mph which made it faster than the Volkswagen Golf GTI of that era.

The final two years 1994/95 saw a significant increase in sales but, they were mostly of the competitively priced 1.4L engine models.

The ultimate Tipo engine

The Tipo 2.0ie 16v derives its power from the legendary Fiat twin-cam engine, an engine whose ancestry can be traced back to 1966 and was designed by the automotive engineering genius Aurelio Lampredi. The first eight valve twin-cam produced 90bhp from 1,438cc’s (some 20bhp more than comparable pushrod engines of the day) and evolved into a 1995cc sixteen valve 300bhp turbo powerhouse in competition form, winning no less than 10 world championships in one form or another.

Lampredi incorporated many hitherto unseen innovations into his design including the direct acting camshaft for operating the valves, using shimmed “buckets” between cam and valve assembly as a means of adjustment rather than the now power absorbing hydraulic adjusters. Also a lightweight aluminium cylinder head when most were cast iron and con-rods that can only be described as destruction proof!!!

In “Sedicivalvole” form a 1995cc power plant produces 148bhp @ 6,250rpm and 18Kgm of torque @ 5,000rpm, 16Kgm of this torque being available from 2,500rpm up to 6,000rpm which, when matched to the appropriate gear ratios, produce a car with extreme flexibility and thus drivability. The engine is very similar in specification and power output to the 2 litre unit fitted to the Lancia Thema series 2 in 1988, also utilizing counter rotating balancer shafts to counteract the inherent imbalance of the in-line four cylinder engine and thus produce a much smoother if very slightly less responsive power unit. The car has been extremely popular in Brazil. The Tipo outsold the Volkswagen Golf, which had been the best selling Brazilian car for over 20 years.

Specifications

The basic design of the engine remained the same between the 5 and 3 door Tipo models. However the power and torque characteristics changed slightly. In the 3 door model the engine was detuned slightly which reduced ultimate bhp but provided more torque at lower revs.

Tipo 16v 5-door

Cylinders 4-cycle, inline 4
Bore x stroke 84mmx90mm
Displacement 1995 cc

Compression ratio 10.5:1 (+/-0.15)
Maximum power 108kW (EEC) / 148bhp (DIN) at 6000rpm
Peak torque 177Nm (EEC) / 18kgm (DIN) at 4500rpm

Engines at launch

1108cc (70x72mm) 4 cylinder sohc carburettor with 56bhp @ 5,500rpm
1372cc (80.5×67.4mm) 4 cylinder sohc carburettor with 72bhp @ 6,000rpm
1581cc (86.4×67.4mm) 4 cylinder sohc carburettor with 83bhp @ 6,000rpm
1697cc (82.6×79.2mm) 4 cylinder sohc diesel with 58bhp @ 4,600rpm
1929cc (82.6x90mm) 4 cylinder sohc turbocharged diesel with 92bhp @ 4,100rpm

1993 range

1372cc (80.5×67.4mm) 4 cylinder sohc SPI with 71bhp @ 6,000rpm
1581cc (86.4×67.4mm) 4 cylinder sohc SPI with 76bhp @ 6,000rpm
1756cc (84×79.2mm) 4 cylinder dohc MPI with 105bhp @ 6,000rpm
1995cc (84x90mm) 4 cylinder dohc MPI with 115bhp @ 5,750rpm
1995cc (84x90mm) 4 cylinder 16v dohc MPI with 142bhp @ 6,000rpm
1697cc (82.6×79.2mm) 4 cylinder sohc diesel with 58bhp @ 4,600rpm
1929cc (82.6x90mm) 4 cylinder sohc diesel with 65bhp @ 4,600rpm
1929cc (82.6x90mm) 4 cylinder sohc turbocharged diesel with 92bhp @ 4,100rpm

Balancing

The engine is equipped with “counter rotating balancer-shafts”. They rotate at twice the speed of the crankshaft and serve to balance the dynamic forces that are generated by the crankshaft. As a result these engines operate very smoothly at all speeds.

Fuel delivery

Integrated (I.A.W. Multi-point) injection/ignition system (M.P.I.)

3 bar injection pressure
Air filter with paper cartridge
In-tank petrol pump

Petrol metering system: Speed density method evaluation of the quantity of aspirated air; analytic method, by electronically processing data from the engine speed sensor and the air temperature and absolute pressure sensors in the intake manifold (density).

Sensor for metering optimisation

Engine idling speed: 850+/-50 rpm %CO emission when engine is idling: above the catalytic converter with Lamda sensor disconnected: 0.7 +/-0.2 downstream from the catalytic converter with the Lambda sensor connected: <0.5.

Ignition

Integrated (I.A.W.04J) fuel delivery-ignition system
Firing order is 1 3 4 2
Reference advance at 850+/-50 rpm with hot engine (coolant temperature > 75°): 10°+/-2°

Spark plugs

Fiat/Lancia 7FYSSR or Champion RN7YCC
Spark plug gap 0.85-0.95mm

Tips with the cleaning the engine

Do not wash sludge, oil, or grease into a storm drain or sewer system.
Using hot water will clean much more effectively. For very dirty engines, take the vehicle to a mechanic’s shop and have the engine steam cleaned.

Warnings with cleaning the Tipo engine

Determine the proper procedure for disconnecting the battery. There are sensitive computer components in modern cars that need to be protected. Without following procedure, one may trigger service codes or damage the onboard computer.

Things you’ll need to clean the Tipo engine

Eye protection, such as goggles
Grease-cutting dish detergent
Stiff plastic bristle brush
Garden hose
Plastic bags
Battery terminal puller
Rag

How can we help you?

If you need a Fiat Tipo Engine, then look no further. We aspire to have the largest stock nationwide, and we offer 100% fully tested and guaranteed engines which are ready for immediate dispatch worldwide.

Find crazy prices on quality Fiat Tipo Engines with our ‘Quick Find’ or call *0905 232 0099 and get free quote and free shipping today.

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Categories: ArticlesFiat

Carl Wilson

You won't believe it, I'm native Scotsman. Enthusiast. Car lovers. Almost finished rebuilding my Reliant Saber 🔥

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