Ford Fiesta Engine
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Ford Fiesta Engine
The Ford Fiesta is a front wheel drive subcompact/super mini car manufactured and marketed by the Ford Motor Company and built in Europe, Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, Venezuela, China, India and South Africa. The model is marketed worldwide, including Japan, Australasia and the Americas.
Fiesta Mark I from 1976 to 1983 was the first generation, to cut costs and speed up the research and development, many modified Kent engines destined for the Fiesta were tested in Fiat 127s. This also allowed covert road testing across Europe.
The Ford Kent is an internal combustion engine from Ford of Europe. Originally developed in 1959 for the Ford Anglia, it is an in-line four cylinder overhead valve type engine with a cast iron cylinder head and block. The original OHV Kent engine appeared in the 1959 Anglia with a capacity of 996.95 cc developing 39 bhp (29 kW) at 5,000 rpm. With an 80.96 mm (3.1875 in) bore and 48.41 mm (1.906 in) stroke, it was a departure from traditional under square English engine design.
The same engine, its bore unchanged, but with a longer stroke and thus larger capacity was subsequently used in the Ford Classic and Consul Capri (1340cc and 1500cc), the Mk1 and early Mk2 Cortinas (1200cc, 1300cc and 1500cc), and the early Corsairs. In addition to its ‘over-square’ cylinder dimensions, a further unusual feature of the Kent engine at its introduction was an externally mounted combined oil filter/pump unit designed to facilitate efficient low-cost production. The engine is now referred to as the pre-Crossflow Kent, with both the inlet and exhaust being on the same side of the head.
Subsequent to its introduction the engine became known as the Kent engine because Alan Worters, the company’s Executive Engineer (Power Units), lived across the river from Ford’s Dagenham plant in the English county of Kent.
A redesign gave it a cross flow type cylinder head, hence the Kent’s alternative name Ford Crossflow. It would go on to power the smaller engined versions of the Ford. The Crossflow featured a change in combustion chamber design, using a Heron type combustion chamber in the top of the piston rather than the head. The head itself was flat with each engine capacity (1100, 1300 and 1600) featuring different pistons with different sized bowls.
Fiesta Mark II from 1983 to 1989 was the second generation its 1.3 L OHV engine was dropped, being replaced in 1984 by a CVH power plant of similar capacity, itself superseded by the lean burn 1.4 L two years later. 957 and 1117 cc engines continued with only slight alterations and for the first time a Fiesta diesel was produced with a 1600 cc engine adapted. The XR2 model was thoroughly updated with a larger body kit and it also featured a 96 bhp (72 kW) 1.6 L CVH engine. The engine was replaced by a lean-burn variant in 1986 which featured a revised cylinder head and carburettor; it was significantly cleaner from an environmental viewpoint but was slightly less powerful as a result (95 bhp / 71 kW).
Fiesta Mark III from 1989 to 1997 was the third generation and their fuel injection engines became available in 1991. Fuel injection is a system for mixing fuel with air in an internal combustion engine. It has become the primary fuel delivery system used in automotive petrol engines, having almost completely replaced carburettors in the late 1980s.
A fuel injection system is designed and calibrated specifically for the type(s) of fuel it will handle. Most fuel injection systems are for gasoline or diesel applications. With the advent of electronic fuel injection (EFI), the diesel and gasoline hardware has become similar. EFI’s programmable firmware has permitted common hardware to be used with different fuels. Carburettors were the predominant method used to meter fuel on gasoline engines before the widespread use of fuel injection. A variety of injection systems have existed since the earliest usage of the internal combustion engine.
The primary difference between carburettors and fuel injection is that fuel injection atomizes the fuel by forcibly pumping it through a small nozzle under high pressure, while a carburettor relies on low pressure created by intake air rushing through it to add the fuel to the airstream. The fuel injector is only a nozzle and a valve: the power to inject the fuel comes from a pump or a pressure container farther back in the fuel supply.
Fiesta Mark IV from1995 to 2002 was the fourth generation, this model featured a range of new Zetec engines, available in 1.25 L and 1.4 L forms, the 1.8 diesel engine was slightly modified for the Mk 4, now marketed as the “Endura DE”. The 1.3 L OHV engine was carried over from the Mk 3. In 1999 to 2002 the Fiesta engine received a facelift, changes include 1.6i 16V Zetec engine, fitted to the new Zetec S model and later available in Ghia and Freestyle trims. New features such as side airbags and (after launch) the reintroduction of leather trim. An environmentally-friendly ‘E-Diesel’ model for 2001, with CO2 emissions of 120g/km. The Lynx 1.8 TDDi engine (also introduced after launch).
Fiesta Mark V from 2002 to 2008 was the fifth generation and this Fiesta Mark V engines were carried over from the previous Fiesta, but renamed “Duratec” with the “Zetec. Engines available include 1.25 L, 1.3 L, 1.4 L, 1.6 L, 2.0 L petrol (gasoline), plus 1.4 8v and 1.6 16v Duratorq TDCi common-rail diesels built in a joint venture with PSA.
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