Ford Focus Engine

Published by Carl Wilson on

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About Ford Focus Engine

The Ford Focus is a small family car manufactured by Ford first in Europe starting July 1998, then worldwide starting February 2000.

Focus Mark 1 from 1998 to 2004 drives brilliantly, better than anything else in the class. And that applies to the base 1.4 litre petrol engine as much as the 2.0 litre ST, although a 1.6 litre is recommend at least. Part of the secret is in the multilink ‘control blade’ rear suspension, but be wary of early diesels, later TDCI cars are much better, and don’t buy an automatic unless you have to. Meanwhile the high performance 2.0 litre turbo RS is desirable but very much an acquired taste, thanks to an uncompromising set up and grabby Quaife differential.

  • * Petrol engines: 1.4, 1.6, 1.8, 2.0 (128bhp), 2.0 (168bhp), 2.0 turbo * Diesel: 1.8 (89bhp TDdi), 1.8 (98bhp TDCI), 1.8 (113bhp TDCI) * Insurance groups: 4-16 * Fuel economy: 28–53mpgTrim levels to the Mark 1 (UK)
  • CL 1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 turbo diesel
  • LX 1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 1.8 turbo diesel
  • Zetec 1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbo diesel
  • Ghia 1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbo diesel
  • ST170 2.0 petrol
  • RS 2.0 turbo petrol

A new flex-fuel engine was introduced, based on the European Zetec 1.6 L version. This could use both petrol and bio ethanol, but only on the Swedish market. This version is still available in some countries despite the advent of an all new Mk 2 Focus.

Flex-fuel for Focus

A flexible-fuel vehicle (FFV) or dual-fuel vehicle (colloquially called a flex-fuel vehicle) is an alternative fuel vehicle with an internal combustion engine designed to run on more than one fuel, usually gasoline blended with either ethanol or methanol fuel, and both fuels are stored in the same common tank. Flex-fuel engines are capable of burning any proportion of the resulting blend in the combustion chamber as fuel injection and spark timing are adjusted automatically according to the actual blend detected by electronic sensors. Flex-fuel vehicles are distinguished from bi-fuel vehicles, where two fuels are stored in separate tanks and the engine runs on one fuel at a time, for example, compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), or hydrogen.

Though technology exists to allow ethanol FFVs to run on any mixture of gasoline and ethanol, from pure gasoline up to 100% ethanol (E100), North American and European flex-fuel vehicles are optimized to run on a maximum blend of 15% gasoline with 85% anhydrous ethanol (called E85 fuel). This limit in the ethanol content is set to reduce ethanol emissions at low temperatures and to avoid cold starting problems during cold weather, at temperatures lower than 11 °C (52 °F). The alcohol content is reduced during the winter in regions where temperatures fall below 0 °C (32 °F) to a winter blend of E70 in the U.S. or to E75 in Sweden from November until March. Brazilian flex fuel vehicles are optimized to run on any mix of E20-E25 gasoline and up to 100% hydrous ethanol fuel (E100). The Brazilian flex vehicles are built-in with a small gasoline reservoir for cold starting the engine when temperatures drop below 15 °C (59 °F). An improved flex motor generation was launched in 2009 which eliminated the need for the secondary gas tank.

Flex-fuel in the United Kingdom

The UK government established several incentives for E85 flex-fuel vehicles. These include a fuel duty rebate on E85 fuel of 20 p per litre, until 2010; a £ 10 to 15 reductions in the vehicle excise duty (VED); and a 2% annual company car tax discount for flex-fuel cars. Despite the small number of E85 pump stations available, limited to the Morrison’s supermarket chain stations, most automakers offer the same models in the UK that are available in the European market. In 2005 the Ford Focus Flexi-fuel became the first flexible-fuel car sold in the UK, though E85 pumps opened until 2006. Volvo now offers its flexi-fuel models S80, S40, C30, V50 and V70. Other models available in the UK are the Ford C-Max Flexi-Fuel, and the Saab models 9-5 and 9-3 Flex-fuel Bio-power, and the new Saab Aero X Bio-Power E100 bio ethanol.

Focus Mark 2 from 2004 to 2010 engines lined up for the Mk 2 was a mixture of old and new. Revised versions of the 1.4 litre and 1.6 litre all aluminium Zetec-SE engines from the previous generation Focus were carried over, although the units were now renamed Duratec, with the addition of 1.6 litre Duratec Ti-VCT engine with variable valve timing. For the South African market, the 1.6 litre BZ inline-four engine was used in their Mk2. For the 2009 facelift it was replaced by the 1.8 litre Duratec.

The 1.8 litre and 2.0 litre Zetec petrol engines of the original were replaced with the Duratec HE.

The Duratorq Diesel engine in ‘Tiger’ Duratorq 1.6 litre 90 hp (67 kW) and 110 hp (82 kW) editions, ‘Lynx’ Duratorq 1.8 litre 115 hp (86 kW) diesel carried over from the previous model and the diesel in 2.0 litre form rounds off the range in standard Focus guise.


  • 1.4 L Duratec
  • 1.6 L Duratec
  • 1.6 L Duratec Ti-VCT
  • 1.8 L Duratec
  • 2.0 L Duratec
  • 2.5 L Duratec ST turbo I5
  • 2.5 L Duratec RS turbo I5


  • 1.6L (90 bhp and 110 bhp) Duratorq TDCi
  • 1.8 L Duratorq TDCi
  • 2.0 L Duratorq TDCi

What next?

Now that you’ve decided you need a Ford Focus Engine, please take time to fill in your car details as this will walk you through our car part check list for the correct engine or any other car part that you require.

The Ford Focus Engines are obtainable at as new, used, and reconditioned or second hand and are 100% guaranteed. Find Bargain prices on quality low mileage engines or call *0905 232 0099 and get free shipping today.

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Categories: ArticlesFord

Carl Wilson

You won't believe it, I'm native Scotsman. Enthusiast. Car lovers. Almost finished rebuilding my Reliant Saber 🔥


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