Jaguar Gearbox: XJ8 / XJR car gearboxes for (XJ40) XJ6, XJ8 / XJR, XJ8 / XJR models
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The XF 4HP24 Gearbox is a 4-speed automatic transmission for passenger cars from ZF Friedrichshafen AG. Introduced in 1987, it is still in production and has been used in a variety of cars as well as Jaguar.
Jaguar Hydraulic automatic transmissions
A cut-away model of a torque converter. The predominant form of automatic transmission is hydraulically operated, using a fluid coupling or torque converter and a set of planetary gearsets to provide a range of torque multiplication.
Parts and operation
A hydraulic automatic transmission consists of the following parts:
Fluid coupling or torque converter: A hydraulic device connecting the engine and the transmission. It takes the place of a mechanical clutch, allowing the engine to remain running at rest without stalling. A torque converter is a fluid coupling that also provides a variable amount of torque multiplication at low engine speeds, increasing “breakaway” acceleration.
Planetary gearset: A compound planetary set whose bands and clutches are actuated by hydraulic servos controlled by the valve body, providing two or more gear ratios.
Valve body: hydraulic control center that receives pressurised fluid from a main pump operated by the fluid coupling/torque converter. The pressure coming from this pump is regulated and used to run a network of spring-loaded valves, check balls and servo pistons. The valves use the pump pressure and the pressure from a centrifugal governor on the output side (as well as hydraulic signals from the range selector valves and the throttle valve or modulator) to control which ratio is selected on the gearset; as the car and engine change speed, the difference between the pressures changes, causing different sets of valves to open and close. The hydraulic pressure controlled by these valves drives the various clutch and brake band actuators, thereby controlling the operation of the planetary gearset to select the optimum gear ratio for the current operating conditions. However, in many modern automatic transmissions, the valves are controlled by electro-mechanical servos which are controlled by the Engine Management System or a separate transmission controller.
Hydraulic & Lubricating Oil: called Automatic Transmission Fluid, or ATF, this component of the transmission provides lubrication, corrosion prevention, and a hydraulic medium to convey mechanical power. Primarily made from refined petroleum and processed to provide properties that promote smooth power transmission and increase service life, the ATF is one of the few parts of the automatic transmission that needs routine service as the vehicle ages.
The multitude of parts, along with the complex design of the valve body, originally made hydraulic automatic transmissions much more complicated (and expensive) to build and repair than manual transmissions. In most cars (except US family, luxury, sport-utility vehicle, and minivan models) they have usually been extra-cost options for this reason. Mass manufacturing and decades of improvement have reduced this cost gap.
Other models of the Jaguar that have various other gearboxes are:
Sports Car: XJ-S HE, XJS, XK8 / XKR, XK / XKR
Compact exec: X-Type
Executive car: S-Type XF
Full-size Car: XJ6, Series III XJ6, (XJ40) XJ6, XJ8 / XJR, XJ8 / XJR,
XJ12, Series III XJ12, XJ12
Supercar: 15 XJ220
Racing Car: XJRs, C R1/2/3/4