Tata Car Engines: Indigo engine, Indica, Safari
Tata Cars is powering up its line up of vehicles and is gearing up to launch at least two more fuel-efficient and powerful car engines for its Indigo and Indica models this fiscal.
The company is also simultaneously working on a 16-valve engine to supplement the current 8-valve petrol engine range for the Indica and Indigo. Work is also under way for the launch of a 2.2-litre DiCOR engine on the Safari.
Tata engines are obtainable at enginesandgearboxes.co.uk as new, used, reconditioned or secondhand and are 100% guaranteed.
TATA unveil their new Indica V2 Xeta (extra fuel efficiency, torque advantage engine) and the X-over, a crossover concept car that will be positioned as a family car with the looks of a sports utility vehicle. The Indica Xeta is equipped with a 1.4-litre engine and is said to deliver a fuel efficiency of 14 km per litre.
Tata also unveil the the Indigo XL. It is a luxury sedan with premium features. The other cars on display are the Indica V2 turbo diesel with dual airbags and ABS, the Indica Silhouette, a 3.5-litre concept car capable of doing 0-100 km in 4.5 seconds with a top speed of 270 kmph.
The Armourerd Sumo 4X4 is powered by the 3-litre direct injection common rail diesel engine.
Tata-MDI: A new engine is in the air
The French company signed a technology licensing and co-development agreement with Tata Motors. The partnership is expected to work towards developing an air engine.
How do air engines work? Also called CATS (compressed air technology system), these engines feature a specially adapted engine to enable its pistons to be driven simply by the thermal expansion of the compressed air fed into it.
There is no combustion of fuel, as in a traditional engine that uses fossil fuels. Instead, the redesigned parts of a two-stroke engine, including pistons, single crankshaft and connecting rods, are all tuned to handle the high pressure of the expanding air.
In the engine developed by MDI, for example, the changes to the con-rod system allows the engine’s piston to be held at Top Dead centre for 70 degrees of the cycle. This way, enough time is given to create pressure in the cylinder. The torque is also better, so the force exerted on the crankshaft is less than in a classic system.
Compressed air is piped into the engine from tanks made of thermo plastic and/or fibreglass panels. To ensure smooth running and to opitimise energy efficiency, the MDI engines use a simple electromagnetic distribution system, which controls the flow of air into the engine.
Gear changes are automatic, powered by an electronic system developed by the French company. A computer, which controls the speed of the car, is effectively changes gears continuously.
Naturally, no clutch is necessary, and the engine is idle when the car is stationary and the magnetic plate, which re-engages the compressed air, starts the vehicle. Parking manoeuvres are powered by an electric motor that is paired with the system for MDI cars.
Air and dual fuel? The French company has developed two technologies to meet the different needs, and these include single energy compressed air engines that use only air and the dual energy ones that uses compressed air plus fuel .
Vehicles with the dual energy engine will work exclusively with compressed air while it is running under 50 km per hour in urban areas. But when the car is used outside urban areas at speeds over 50 km per hour, the engines will switch to the fuel mode.
The engine will be able to use petrol, gas oil, bio-diesel, liquified petroleum gas, alcohol, etc. Both engines will be available with 2, 4 and 6 cylinders, When the air tanks are empty, the driver will be able to switch to the fuel mode, thanks to the car’s onboard computer.
MDI has also developed vehicles in-house that feature their air engine. These vehicles, including the CityCat and MiniCat, have fibreglass bodies which makes them lightweight and the car’s body is tubular, and is said to be held together using aerospace technology.
The vehicles do not have normal speed gauges. Instead, they will have a small computer screen that shows the speed and engine revolutions. The system allows for infinite possibilities and additions such as GSM telephone systems, GPS satellite tracking systems, emergency systems, Internet connections, voice recognition, map presentation and traffic information.
When there is no combustion, there is no pollution. So, the vehicle with an air engine will be a zero pollution unit and even if it is a dual fuel type, the average emission level will be very low.
Range and recharge? MDI claims that its vehicle’s driving range is close to twice that of the most advanced electric cars (from 200-300 km or eight hours of circulation). This could be exactly what the urban markets need where a majority of the drivers commute less than 40 km a day.
The recharging of the car or refilling of air will be done at air stations, once the market is developed. To fill the car’s tanks at the station, which will use a high-pressure delivery system, it will only take about to 2-3 minutes. After refilling, the car will be ready to run 200 km.
The MDI car also has a small compressor that can be connected to a domestic electrical network (220V or 380V), which will pump air into and recharge the tanks completely in three-four minutes.
Because the engine does not burn any fuel, the car does not need the kind of oils that traditional vehicles use. The MDI engine’s oil is only a litre of vegetable oil that needs to be changed every 50,000 km.
Further, the temperature of the clean air discharged from the exhaust pipe is between 0 and 15 degrees below zero.
This exhaust air can also be subsequently channelled and used for cooling the car’s interior.
MDI has also developed hybrid-style dual fuel — air and fossil fuel — vehicles, wherein the air tank is replenished with compressed air generated by the car’s on-board motor, every time that it is running on fossil fuel.
Overall, though the benefits seem obvious, the acceptance of this compressed air engine technology has been slow on the uptake.
The critics of this experimental technology also point out that it is not all that environmentally friendly and that it is just taking away pollution from one place (the road), but releasing it elsewhere — at the thermal power plant, which generates the power needed to recharge the air tanks of the car.
Electric cars were not successful in European countries, where the inconvenience of a short driving range per charge and the need for frequent charging kept buyers away. They were also subject to the same criticism about polluting thermal power plants.
Tata Motors has been aggressively pushing to expand the horizons of its own research efforts. The tie-up with MDI of France could give this emerging global player access to what could potentially be a technology that will find increasing acceptance amongst vehicle manufacturers who plan hybrids of a different kind.
But in addition to the air engine, what Tata Motors may also want to look at are the cars that MDI has developed in-house. The CityCAT and the MiniCAT are cars that may be a perfect fit even for Tata Motors, which is looking to develop easy-to-produce, cheap cars (read one lakh car) that are also easy to maintain and run.
Particularly, the MiniCAT could be an ideal choice (check out the photos). Built with a tubular frame, the car’s body panels are made of fibreglass and can be put together easily in a small workshop, all features that Tata Motors will want to consider for its people’s car.
Other Tata cars available on the market:
Passenger cars and utility vehicles: Sierra, Estate, Sumo / Spacio, Indigo Marina
Concept vehicles: 2000 Aria Roadster, 2001 Aria Coupe, 2002 Indiva, 2004 Indigo Advent, 2005 Xover, 2006 Cliffrider, 2007 Elegante.
Commercial vehicles and Military vehicles are also offered by Tata.